Salia Koroma: Of Imps And Human Bondage

The story in Njawima Meme is very simple. At first glance at least. It is a story of a master-slave relationship, one of dominance and control, of power and impotence inverted.

A Ndohgboh Joso goes fishing, but as it puts the only fish that had been in the weir trap into the fish basket, the fish wriggles out of its hands and into the stream (njawi). To recover this loss, it spends a fruitless morning fishing.  It returns to its lair, only for its human captive to tell it to go back to the stream, that if it doesn’t come back with the particular fish that had slipped away death awaited him on his return. That’s a bind for a spirit to find itself in.The song is an expression of the predicament of the Ndohgboh joso.

But even this explanation of the song doesn’t make sense without a knowledge of the Mende folklore about Ndohgboh Joso/Yoso. Ndohgboh means bush, and Joso means magic, but that doesn’t mean much, does it? A Ndohgboh Joso is then a magician of the bush, a malicious, some would say evil, spirit that takes on the shape of a man, short of stature (not a dwarf, a completely different forest spirit) and rather unattractive. It’s best known for leading lone travellers astray and keeping them captive if they do not recognise its nature on their first encounter. The human would eventually become the spirit’s slave.

Now if you were a captured traveller but you somehow managed to keep your wits about you, there’s a chance of escape within the first few days. The idea is  to make impossible requests, like asking the spirit to fetch you drinking water in a fishing net. The cool-headed captive can thus reverse the master-captive relationship. In the end the imp would be obliged to return its human captive (now master) to the nearest village.

Isn’t it interesting how fishing, the impossible ‘feat’ of catching the right fish, features in Salia’s imagination? Isn’t it interesting that there’s often a power dynamic involved?

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Posted on November 5, 2014, in Salia Koroma and tagged , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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